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Visual: The History of Pandemics

History of Pandemics Full 438x1024 1

Submitted by Taps Coogan on the 16th of March 2020 to The Sounding Line.

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The following graphic, from Visual Capitalist, shows the timing and death toll for most major pandemics in recorded history. These include the Antonine Plague from 165 to 180 AD which is often viewed as a major turning point in the Roman Empire, the Plague of Justinian from 541 AD through 542 AD which doomed the Eastern Roman Empire’s campaign to retake Italy, the Black Death which transformed Medieval Europe, as well as more modern pandemics such as Small Pox, HIV/AIDS, and the Spanish Flu. Enjoy:

(Click the image to expand)

Per Visual Capitalist, here are the details from the pandemics listed above:

Name Time period Type / Pre-human host Death toll
Antonine Plague 165-180 Believed to be either smallpox or measles 5M
Japanese smallpox epidemic 735-737 Variola major virus 1M
Plague of Justinian 541-542 Yersinia pestis bacteria / Rats, fleas 30-50M
Black Death 1347-1351 Yersinia pestis bacteria / Rats, fleas 200M
New World Smallpox Outbreak 1520 – onwards Variola major virus 56M
Great Plague of London 1665 Yersinia pestis bacteria / Rats, fleas 100,000
Italian plague 1629-1631 Yersinia pestis bacteria / Rats, fleas 1M
Cholera Pandemics 1-6 1817-1923 V. cholerae bacteria 1M+
Third Plague 1885 Yersinia pestis bacteria / Rats, fleas 12M (China and India)
Yellow Fever Late 1800s Virus / Mosquitoes 100,000-150,000 (U.S.)
Russian Flu 1889-1890 Believed to be H2N2 (avian origin) 1M
Spanish Flu 1918-1919 H1N1 virus / Pigs 40-50M
Asian Flu 1957-1958 H2N2 virus 1.1M
Hong Kong Flu 1968-1970 H3N2 virus 1M
HIV/AIDS 1981-present Virus / Chimpanzees 25-35M
Swine Flu 2009-2010 H1N1 virus / Pigs 200,000
SARS 2002-2003 Coronavirus / Bats, Civets 770
Ebola 2014-2016 Ebolavirus / Wild animals 11,000
MERS 2015-Present Coronavirus / Bats, camels 850
COVID-19 2019-Present Coronavirus – Unknown (possibly pangolins) 6,400 (as of Mar 15, 2020)

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Source: thesoundingline.com

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